What is android?
Android is an Operating System for phones we call smartphones . It is based on linux kernel. Android is currently developed and managed by Google, android’s source code is Open Source and any one can make changes to it. Google has released many versions of Android over the years, Lollipop 5.0 being the latest.
Android is primary designed for touchscreen devices, like smartphones and Android .Android is one of the most best selling mobile phone OS, android users are all over the world. Android phones range form costly to cheaper. So, with android it has been possible for poor people to afford smartphones which is not possible with apple.
Android community of developers is growing at lightning fast speed all over the world due open source code and android users are still counting.
Android is Multi-lingual and it supports 46 different languages.
Official Website: www.android.com
be together. not the same.
Android 5.0 home screen
Open Handset Alliance
||C (core), C++,Java (UI)
||Open source and in most devices with proprietary components
||September 23, 2008
||5.0.2 Lollipop / December 19, 2014
||5.0 Lollipop developer preview / October 17, 2014
||Smartphones, tablet computers, TVs, carsand wearable devices
||Multi-lingual (46 languages)
||Google Play, APK
||32-bit and 64-bit ARM,MIPS, x86, x86-64
||Monolithic (modified Linux kernel)
||Bionic libc, mkshshell, native core utilities with a few from Net BSD
|Default user interface
||Apache License 2.0
Modified Linux kernelunder GNU GPL v2
Android, Inc. was founded in Palo Alto, California in October 2003 by Andy Rubin (co-founder of Danger),Rich Miner (co-founder of Wildfire Communications, Inc.), Nick Sears (once VP at T-Mobile), and Chris White (headed design and interface development at Web TV) to develop, in Rubin’s words, “smarter mobile devices that are more aware of its owner’s location and preferences”.The early intentions of the company were to develop an advanced operating system for digital cameras. Though, when it was realized that the market for the devices was not large enough, the company diverted its efforts toward producing a smartphone operating system that would rival Symbian and Microsoft Windows Mobile. Despite the past accomplishments of the founders and early employees, Android Inc. operated secretly, revealing only that it was working on software for mobile phones. That same year, Rubin ran out of money. Steve Perlman, a close friend of Rubin, brought him $10,000 in cash in an envelope and refused a stake in the company.
Google acquired Android Inc. on August 17, 2005, key employees of Android Inc., including Rubin, Miner, and White, stayed at the company after the acquisition. Not much was known about Android Inc. at the time, but many assumed that Google was planning to enter the mobile phone market with this move. At Google, the team led by Rubin developed a mobile device platform powered by the Linux kernel. Google marketed the platform to handset makers and carriers on the promise of providing a flexible, up-gradable system. Google had lined up a series of hardware component and software partners and signaled to carriers that it was open to various degrees of cooperation on their part.
Speculation about Google’s intention to enter the mobile communications market continued to build through December 2006. An earlier prototype code named “Sooner” had a closer resemblance to a BlackBerry phone, with no touchscreen, and a physical, QWERTY keyboard, but was later re-engineered to support a touchscreen, to compete with other announced devices such as the 2006 LG Prada and 2007 Apple iPhone. In September 2007, Information Week covered an Evaluate serve study reporting that Google had filed several patent applications in the area of mobile telephony.
Eric Schmidt, Andy Rubin, and Hugo Barra at a press conference for the Google’s Nexus 7 tablet
On November 5, 2007, the Open Handset Alliance, a consortium of technology companies including Google, device manufacturers such as HTC, Sony and Samsung, wireless carriers such as Sprint Nextel and T-Mobile, and chip set makers such as Qualcomm and Texas Instruments, unveiled itself, with a goal to develop open standards for mobile devices. That day, Android was unveiled as its first product, a mobile device platform built on the Linux kernel version 2.6.25.The first commercially available smartphone running Android was the HTC Dream, released on October 22, 2008.
In 2010, Google launched its Nexus series of devices – a line of smartphones and tablets running the Android operating system, and built by manufacturing partners. HTC collaborated with Google to release the first Nexus smartphone, the Nexus One. Google has since updated the series with newer devices, such as the Nexus 5 phone (made by LG) and the Nexus 7 tablet (made by Asus). Google releases the Nexus phones and tablets to act as their flagship Android devices, demonstrating Android’s latest software and hardware features. On March 13, 2013 Larry Page announced in a blog post that Andy Rubin had moved from the Android division to take on new projects at Google. He was replaced by Sundar Pichai, who also continues his role as the head of Google’s Chrome division,which develops Chrome OS.
Since 2008, Android has seen numerous updates which have incrementally improved the operating system, adding new features and fixing bugs in previous releases. Each major release is named in alphabetical order after a dessert or sugary treat; for example, version 1.5 Cupcake was followed by 1.6 Donut. Version 4.4.4 KitKat appeared as a security-only update; it was released on June 19, 2014, shortly after 4.4.3 was released.As of November 2014, the newest version of the Android operating system, Android 5.0 “Lollipop”, is available for selected devices.
From 2010 to 2013, Hugo Barra served as product spokesperson for the Android team, representing Android at both press conferences and Google I/O, Google’s annual developer-focused conference. Barra’s product involvement included the entire Android ecosystem of software and hardware, including Honeycomb, Ice Cream Sandwich, Jelly Bean andKitKat operating system launches, the Nexus 4 and Nexus 5 smartphones, the Nexus 7 and Nexus 10 tablets, and other related products such as Google Now and Google Voice Search, Google’s speech recognition product comparable to Apple’s Siri. In 2013, Barra left the Android team for Chinese smartphone maker Xiaomi.