Who developed SSL and HTTPS ?

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This topic contains 2 replies, has 2 voices, and was last updated by  Nav Singh 2 years, 3 months ago.

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  • #2897 Reply

    Yvonne

    Who developed SSL and HTTPS ?

    HTTPS was developed by Netscape.

    HTTPS (HTTP over SSL or HTTP Secure) is the use of Secure Socket Layer (SSL) or Transport Layer Security (TLS) as a sublayer under regular HTTP application layering. HTTPS encrypts and decrypts user page requests as well as the pages that are returned by the Web server. The use of HTTPS protects against eavesdropping and man-in-the-middle attacks.

    Netscape Communications was a computer services company best known for its Web browser, Navigator. Navigator was one of the two most popular Web browsers in the 1990s.

    In 1993, a team led by Marc Andreesen created Mosaic at the University of Illinois’ National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA). Mosaic was the first Web browser that had a graphical user interface (GUI). The browser was subsequently renamed “Navigator,” to avoid copyright infringement. Netscape Communications was taken public by Marc Andreessen and entrepreneur Jim Clark in 1995, capitalizing on the growing interest in the World Wide Web. Netscape’s hugely successful IPO is widely held to be the beginning of the 1990s Internet boom.

    Although Navigator was initially the predominant product in terms of usability and number of users, Microsoft’s Internet Explorer (MSIE) browser took a significant lead in usage, due in large part to the decision to bundle the browser for free with the Windows 95 operating system. This action led to a long-lasting antitrust suit against Microsoft by the U.S. Justice Department. Microsoft’s investment of programming and capital in IE eventually resulted in a more stable browser over time than Netscape’s increasingly buggy, feature-laden version. Coupled with Microsoft’s bundling strategy and marketing efforts, IE won the war to become the Internet’s primary browser.

    In 1998, Netscape started the open source Mozilla project, which eventually resulted in the Firefox Web browser.

    Netscape Communications is now part of America Online (AOL). AOL initially envisioned the Netscape Web site as a Web portal, providing a source of revenue through advertising and e-commerce. After the antitrust ruling found that Microsoft had held and abused monopolistic power, Microsoft settled with AOL for $750 million dollars. As part of the settlement, AOL gained the rights to use and distribute Internet Explorer. Although Time Warner formally disbanded the company in 2003, the latest version of the Netscape browser may still be downloaded from Netscape’s Web site.

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  • #2964 Reply

    Workout Geek

    nice 1

  • #3120 Reply

    Nav Singh
    Keymaster

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